In 2008 Finland made a significant change to their homeless policy, making it the only country in Europe where the number of homeless people has declined.
They achieved this by shutting down emergency shelters and temporary housing and instead began renovating these dwellings into apartments.
This was on top of permanent social housing they were building throughout the country under their Housing First programme.
It wasn’t an overnight success, it was a model Finland had been working on since the 1980s with charities, NGOs and volunteers.
It was the launch of a fully funded national programme a decade ago which saw the tide turn on homelessness.
“For us it means it’s always permanent housing that’s supposed to be proved for homeless persons – always permanent instead of temporary solutions,” Finland’s Housing First CEO Juha Kaakinen told 1 NEWS.
Mr Kaakinen says emergency shelters and hostels were failing to keep up with demand and were becoming an “obstacle” to solving homelessness.